Here we give a list of Basic command that can be used on Ubuntu(or linux) OS. All these command will work in “Terminal”.
To open terminal, go to “Accessories->Terminal” and type the command you want to use.
(Note that we have used a user_name “jaggib”, you would get your username in place of that).
1. man – use this command to get help pages for any command.
Use “q” to quit the help page (or the man command).
If you want to get options that can be used with a command, man is the command that will help you on that.
2. pwd – use this command to know the present working directory(also known as folder in windows). If you open “Accessories->Terminal”, the terminal opens in “/home/user_name”.
The above command for a user named “jaggib” will give:
3. ls – use this command to get a list of files and directories that are in the present working directory.
Usually you will use just “ls” command as follows:
This will list all the directories in the current directory.
You can also use “ls” to get a view of file attributes for each file or directory by using:
You can use “ls” to view hidden (or system) directories and files also using:
4. touch – use this command to create a file in the present working directory. (It can also be used to Update the access and modification time on a file).
Lets assume you are in “/home/jaggib”, and you want to create a file “file.txt”. You can do that by:
Use “ls” command to check the newly created file in the list.
5. mkdir – use this command to make a directory in the present working directory (i.e. current directory).
If you were on “/home/jaggib” and executed above command as:
It will create a new directory under “/home/jaggib” as “/home/jaggib/test”.